The MAINTENANCE and KEEPING
Sphinxes are simple enough in the maintenance and leaving. Opinion of people
that especial, "hothouse" conditions of the maintenance are necessary
to the sphinx is incorrect. However, there are some features which at the maintenance
of a sphinx are necessary to consider.
Sphinxes have an excellent appetite accomplished by the absence of whims
and fastidiousness. It is caused by the accelerated metabolism because of the
raised body temperature and absence of coat. Sphinxes eat (like dogs in advertising
"Pedigri"), sufficing slices of food and swallowing it, almost not
chewing. But, despite of their pantophagy, it is necessary to observe the balanced
There is no necessity to feed a sphinx only with natural or tinned fodder, the
reasonable combination of both kinds is better for them, and, certainly, the
highest quality of the dry, tinned and natural fodder is necessary. In the nursery
I maintain the certain diet:
- Meat (a crude beef), boiled chicken, a crude liver or boiled beef - 60
% of general diet.
- Dry fodder (such firms as Hills, Jams, Eagle Pack) - 20 % of general diet.
- Dairy products (fermented baked milk, T-milk, cottage cheese, semolina)
- 15 %.
- A boiled egg or a crude egg yolk once a week.
- Delicacies (depending on preferences of a cat) - 1 %.
Sphinxes are addicted to unusual to cats peculiar products, for example to
cucumbers or chocolate. Sometimes it is possible to spoil a cat but only if
it will not be harmful for health.
The second feature of sphinxes is that they sweat and soil themselves, allocating
the brownish substance forming a strike. Possibly, it is protection for their
skin deprived of coat. But too plentiful allocation of this substance can show
that the animal eats incorrectly (for example, too much of fat food) or does
not feel itself fine. It is necessary to find out the reason and eliminate it.
If the secretion is moderate it is enough to wipe in process of pollution a
cat by a wet sponge or children's clearing napkins. If it would be desirable,
it is possible to wash an animal, with a soft shampoo which has a level of acidity
pH = 5,5. It is necessary to remember, that everything, that is harmful to the
child, is also harmful to a cat, and it is necessary to maintain this principle
using human cosmetics and medical products. After bathing it is necessary to
wipe an animal and be sure that it is not overcooled.
The Third feature is cleaning ears. The black-brown secret accumulates in ears
quickly enough. It does not stir to a cat at all, and cleaning is necessary
just in cosmetic purposes. Ears are cleaned by a wadded tampon in process of
pollution, and also before an exhibition or shooting.
By the way, sphinxes are a dream of the photographer. They pose perfectly; look
directly in an objective and so nice that it is pleasant to photograph them
constantly. When I go to the country with cats I take the camera necessarily,
being afraid to miss some picturesque, charming staff.
Solar baths are useful in reasonable quantities to Sphinxes, as well as for
people. Sphinxes sunbathe, and to the end of summer their coat becomes bright
and contrast, but it is necessary to remember, that the sphinx can burn down
on the sun. Therefore it is necessary to accustom gradually an animal to the
sun and not to walk them on the sun at midday. It is better for them an absent-minded
shadow. And in general, the animal is necessary for tempering; it should not
grow under a glass cap, as mimosa. A diet walks on fresh air in a warm season,
physical activities are necessary. There is no necessity to muffle up a sphinx,
it is necessary to be afraid only of drafts and sharp overcooling. Sphinxes
do not have necessity for the raised temperature of the maintenance when they
are active (i.e. when they eat, play, etc.), but they prefer to sleep in heat,
especially under theirs owner blanket, having nestled all body and loudly humming.
And as it is pleasant to sleep with them, they are almost created for this purpose.
Certainly, sphinxes possess salutary abilities. They feel painful points on
our body and at once keep within there hot little body. Especially ridiculously
it is looked, when my four-kilogram cat tries to be arranged at me on a head
when it hurts.
Adult sphinxes are ill very seldom. In case of an infection they recover quickly
enough, keeping immunity to illness for all life. It is caused by the raised
body temperature. Kittens and young animals are more subjected to diseases especially
respiratory infections. Therefore at the maintenance of sphinxes their vaccination
is obligatory. For kittens it is better to use inactivated vaccine, at least,
in the first stages of vaccination as the alive vaccine can sometimes cause
complications - kittens start to be ill with the same virus, though changed
and weakened, but alive which is present at a vaccine. Adult animals transfer
an inoculation easily and, as a rule, without complications.
Puberty of sphinxes appears at the same time, when other breeds of cats have
it, i.e. about one year. Final formation of an animal occurs at one year and
a half. The first heat of cats happen at 5-12 months, depending on heredity.
Cats reach their sexual maturity approximately by a year. Amount of kittens
is various, from 2 to 5, but more often 3-4 kittens. Sphinxes birth normally,
the propensities to pathology is not observed. Cats are mums very "dairy",
milk is plenty enough, that's why feeding cats sometimes have propensity to
mastitis's. Kittens are born bald, all in wrinkles and look like unfeathered
nestlings. Fewer coats a kitten has, balder it will be in future. They open
eyes very early, on the 3-4 day. Ears of kittens are hung, as puppies have approximately
by 3-rd week and the bigger ears sphinx has, the more strongly they hang down
and later all they raise. Kittens are very active and clever; intellectually
they develop earlier, than physically. As well as for all breeds, the period
of transition to an independent feed is complex. It is necessary to watch at
kittens all the time and at first symptoms of a diarrhea take urgent measures,
because little sphinxes suffer metabolism very much. Also it is necessary to
look at infections. The kind of small sphinxes is simply unique, it is necessary
to fall in love with them. They are similar with dinosaurs. They are bald, eared,
wrinkled, have eyes and tails, and they rush in a room, loudly stamping, as
herd of hedgehogs, having pressed ears to their backs and if they fall they
fall loudly as though it is have thrown a leather purse on the table. Their
character and behavior is similar to naughty kids. Certainly, they do not consider
themselves cats. They are clever, easily trained, adhered to the person, well
get along with all breeds of cats and dogs, and with other living creatures.
It would be desirable to note that one of the important advantages of this
breed is that people, suffering allergy on wool (it would be desirable to emphasize
that exactly on a wool, but not on a cat) can have these cats at their homes
and also people who have no opportunities to look after a long coat as, for
example, Persians have.